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Author Archives: Waqar Akbar

6 Phases of the Islamic Scientific Tradition

Dr. Muzaffar Iqbal “Assessed in the most general terms, the Islamic scientific tradition can be seen as having passed through the following major phases: (i) a formative phase under the shade of Islamic religious sciences; (ii) a quick maturation through the massive infusion of data, information and theories from the Greek, Indian and Persian traditions; (iii) a phase of careful ... Read More »

The Problem of Enormous Numbers of Hadith

Muhammad Mustafa Azmi There are references to hundreds of teachers from whom al-Thauri, Ibn al-Mubarak, al-Zuhri, etc. had written ahadith. In the works of biographers we find a long list of teachers and students of eminent scholars. There are at least fifty students of al-Zuhri who made their written collections from him. If, on average, every one of them had ... Read More »

Ottomans and the Printing Press: Answering Misconceptions

Dr. Hidayet Y. Nuhoglu The time lag of almost three centuries which elapsed between Gütenberg’s setting up his press and Müteferrika’s publishing his first book Van Kulu has been interpreted in various ways by contemporary historians, which resulted in the common belief that this was one of the main reasons for the Ottoman State’s backwardness. The description of Müteferrika’s printing ... Read More »

A Concise Study of Difference of Opinions in Islam

Download PDF here Dr. Hatem al-Haj بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ In the Name of Allāh, Most Merciful, Most Beneficent A very common feature of human societies is disagreement. It is a constant of the human experience, and there is no way that it could be entirely avoided. We know for certain that human beings will not cease to disagree, because ... Read More »

Orientalist Approach towards the Prophet’s Biography

Abdul Majid Daryabadi [1] Translated by Waqar Akbar Cheema Translator’s note: Though this article was written decades ago it is equally relevant today. The problems that the writings of Carlyle’s ilk can potentially pose are there in the writings of contemporary orientalists like Karen Armstrong and Lesley Hazleton as well. It is hoped that this article will expose to the ... Read More »

Does the Qur’an say Torah was given for the Egyptians?

Download PDF here Waqar Akbar Cheema Abstract Reading specific verses out of context could possibly change the meaning of the Qur’an. Sometimes this misunderstanding is just due to ignorance of what the verses actually mean. Sometimes it is due to a malicious intent, in hopes of misleading others away from what the Qur’an is actually saying. This article will discuss ... Read More »

Why Islam discourages images of animate beings?

Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah “Islam never forbids artistic progress. The only break put in is the one against the representation of animal (including human) figures. The prohibition does not seem to be absolute … yet the Prophet has placed a restraint on this activity. The reasons for this are metaphysical as well as psychological, biological and social. In the creation of ... Read More »

Why the Devil is called Iblis?

Prof. Abdul Ahad Dawud, B.D. (With a supplement by Waqar Akbar Cheema) It is one of the characteristic features of the Qur’an that almost all the proper and common nouns contained in it possess a plain meaning, and that they are introduced into all the languages spoken by Muslims, in their original Arabic form without the least change of pronunciation ... Read More »

Why people fail to do away with religious doubts?

Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Following is the summary of Maulana Thanwi’s address to students at M.A.O. College Aligarh delivered in November 1909) [Allah says in the Holy Qur’an:] وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ … “Follow the way of him who has turned to me …” (Qur’an 31:15) Today we do not propose to speak on a particular theme, but to ... Read More »

Did Aishah Doubt Prophet Muhammad’s Prophethood?

Download PDF here Waqar Akbar Cheema & Adeel Abstract Statements related to Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, are often taken out of context in order to further propagate the agenda of certain individuals that despise Islam. In this paper, we will examine a narration where such individuals claim that Aishah doubted the prophethood of Muhammad. ... Read More »

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